THE LIQUOR PROBLEM IN ITS RELATIONS TO POVERTY.
THE colored people are not represented in our returns in proportion to their numbers throughout the country; they constitute but 9.45 per cent. of the total number of cases investigated. With few exceptions, our statistics are derived from Northern cities in which the colored population is comparatively small or practically wanting. Yet in many places the Negroes do not come under the treatment of organized charity in the proportion their numbers and economic condition would seem to warrant. Charity that does not take the form of immediate almsgiving appeals little to the average Negro. In the Southern cities, the color line invades even organized charity. In the returns from Wilmington, N. C., for instance, not a single colored person appears among the applicants for relief, and in Louisville, Ky., we find only 105 colored out of a total of 644, etc.
Notwithstanding the disparity in the representation of the white and colored races, our statistics show conclusively that drink as a direct or indirect cause of poverty is more prevalent among the white than among the colored, almost in the proportion of two to one. This fact stands out prominently in Summaries I.