THE LIQUOR PROBLEM IN ITS RELATIONS TO PAUPERISM
WHETHER the Negroes take unkindly to the almshouse, or are not particularly welcomed as inmates, it is a matter of surprise that so few of them are found among the sane paupers of our institutions. Of 1531 persons in the New York city almshouse, but one was a Negro; of 617 in Buffalo, only 2; of 1143 in Cook County, Ill. ( Chicago), 18, etc. Even in New Jersey, with its by no means small colored population, relatively few of the race are inmates of almshouses. Baltimore reports a larger number of colored than any other place, yet it is only 61. Of the total number of pauper cases investigated, only 2.47 per cent. are colored; and these are so scattered among the different institutions that in several instances inferences from percentages become absurd. The solitary Negro in the New York almshouse, for instance, being found intemperate, makes the percentage of colored paupers in that institution whose condition is due to the personal use of liquor 100!
Nevertheless, so far as they go, our pauper statistics of colored are of distinct value, for they corroborate at every point the conclusions to be drawn from the tables in chapter ii. In those we learned that rela-