WHEN the Virginia Convention met the Constitution had been ratified by eight States,--Delaware, Pennsyl- vania, New Jersey, Georgia, Connecticut, Massachu- setts, (by a bare majority,) Maryland and South Caro- lina. In the New Hampshire Convention there was a hostile majority, but the Federalists succeeded in ob- taining an adjournment, and there was a meeting in June for the second time. In New York, also, the majority was hostile, and Hamilton declared the Con- stitution could not be ratified unless Virginia took favourable action. The adoption thus really depended on Virginia. New Hampshire, it is true, took favour- able action before Virginia did, thus completing the nine States necessary under the Constitution to put it into effect, but if Virginia had acted unfavourably, New York would also have done so, and with North Carolina's help measures could have been concerted to cause a reconsideration by some of the States, which had ratified in the belief that all the other States would do the same.
The Virginia Convention was called to order the first Monday in June, 1788, in the State House at Richmond; but the hall being inadequate to hold comfortably the 170 members and numerous spectators an adjournment was taken to the "New Academy on Shockoe Hill," a building erected by the Chevalier Quesnay for a French-American University. It stood on the north side of Broad Street between Twelfth and Thirteenth, in the square where the monumental church now is. There was some dispute over the elections from Accomack,