Buddhist Monks and Monasteries of India: Their History and Their Contribution to Indian Culture

By Sukumar Dutt | Go to book overview

APPENDIX I
(to Part V, Sec. 3)
(on the Order of Succession and approximate Regnal Years of kings of
the Pāla Dynasty)
From Tibetan sources
(See S. C. Vidyabhushana Indian
Logic: Mediaeval School
, Calcutta
University. 1909, Appendix B, pp.
148-49.)
On the results of Modern Researches
(See Nihar Ranjan Ray Bāṇgālīr
Itihāsa
in the Bengali language,
published by Book Emporium, Cal-
cutta, Magh, 1356, January, 1950,
pp. 475-93.)
1. Gopāla ( 660-705)1. Gopāla (mid-eighth century)--
2. Devapāla ( 705-53)founder of Odantapura Mahāvi-
3. Rasapāla ( 753-65)hāra
4. Dharmapāla ( 765-829)2. Dharmapāla ( 770-810)--founder
5. Masu-rakṣita ( 829-37)of Vikramaśilā Mahāvihāra
6. Vanapāla ( 837-47)3. Devapāla ( 810-50)--founder of
7. Mahāpāla ( 847-99) Somapura Mahāvihāra
8. Mahāpāla ( 899-940)4. Vigrahapāla I ( 850-54)
9. Śamupṣṝla ( 940-52)5. Nārāyaṇapāla ( 854-908)
10. Śreṣṭhapāla or Praiṣṭhapāla6. Rājyapāla ( 908-40)
( 952-55)7. Gopāla II ( 940-60)
11. Canaka ( 955-83)8. Vigrahapāla II
12. Bhayapāla ( 983-1015)9. Mahīpāla I ( 988-1027)
13. Nyāyapāla ( 1015-50)10. Jayapāla ( 1038-55)
14. Āmrapāla ( 1050-63)11. Vigrahapāla III ( 1055-70)
15. Hastipāla ( 1063-78)12. Mahīpāla II ( 1070-75)
16. Kśāntipāla ( 1078-92)13. Śūrapāla ( 1075-77)
17. Rāmapāla ( 1092-1138)14. Rāmapāla ( 1077-1120)--founder
18. Yakṣapāla ( 1138-39)of Jagaddala Mahāvihāra
15. Kumārapāla ( 1120-25)
16. Gopāla III ( 1125-40)
17. Madanapāla ( 1140-55)

a. ODANTAPURA

When Gopāla, founder of the Pāla dynasty, built the new city of Odantapura in Magadha, the thought was perhaps in his mind that it should grow to be a centre of Buddhist learning like Nālandā of the Guptas. So he founded a Mahāvihāra here within walking distance of Nālandā--only six miles off. There is a Tibetan legend that the monastery was built upon a lake that had miraculously dried up.1

In its complete layout and structure, it must have been in existence, newly-built, some time in the earlier half of the eighth century AD, for the first Tibetan Buddhist monastery at Sam-Yas in

____________________
1
The story occurs in Bu-ston's work. See Obermiller Translation, Part II, p. 157.

-354-

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