A Communications Theory of Urban Growth

By Richard L. Meier; Resources for the Future | Go to book overview

CHAPTER IX
GROWTH IN NEWLY DEVELOPING AREAS

The great achievements in technology that resulted in the urbanization of the West in the nineteenth and early twentieth century--railroads, water and air transport, fertilizers, medicine, power production, chemical synthesis, and the like-- have already been transferred to the rest of the world to some degree. However, the net effect has not, with at best a handful of exceptions, followed the patterns established in countries with European culture. A higher level of living has not been achieved as a consequence of this technological borrowing. Instead we find the increases in output being converted into extra population. It is true that urbanization has proceeded in the newly developing areas, and intermediate stages between Oriental and African tradition and modern technology have been incorporated within these cities. Nevertheless the overall results have thus far been discouraging. 1

The cities do generate wealth, but its distribution to the population as a whole has been greatly speeded up over what appears to have occurred in the past. The surplus population from the rural areas is drawn to the urban areas to partake of the benefits even before the wealth appears. The death rate in the rural areas seems to be reduced as quickly as the productive processes are introduced. Thus the actual level of poverty and economic insecurity remains about the some, while the awareness of the large gap that separates present conditions from those that exist elsewhere increases.

The population growth has already been so great in some areas, and the density has increased so much, it is evident that some super-cities, measured in terms of population rather than influence, wealth, and power, will be created in the latter part of the twentieth century. The problems of unifying and organizing such cities are intense but until very recently, because of a paucity of data, have not been considered as being beyond the experience of contemporary Western cities, and so have not been studied in a realistic light. For that reason, we must lay a proper groundwork before communications questions can be taken up.

The relevant facts and implications of the population trends have been assessed repeatedly at the national level over the past few years. The significance of these trends for cities has not been analyzed, although many of the immediate implications (i.e. , for the next two decades) are being taken up by Kingsley Davis and collaborators in Berkeley. 2

China presently has about 700,000,000 inhabitants and is growing at a rate exceeding 2 per cent per year. If this growth proceeds--thus far the most enterprising methods for disseminating family limitation information and materials have been tried

____________________
1
The social and cultural dynamics of this conversion of the potentials from discoveries in science and technology into sheer numbers is spelled out in my book Modern Science and the Human Fertility Problem, John Wiley, New York, 1959, Chapters 1, 3, and 4.
2
A series of studies is forthcoming from the Institute for International Urban Research, University of California. Cf. K. Davis, "The Origin and Growth of Urbanization in the World," American Journal of Sociology, 60, 1955, 429-37; K. Davis and H. H. Golden, "Urbanization and the Development of Pre-Industrial Areas," Economic Development and Cultural Change, 3, 1954.

-153-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
A Communications Theory of Urban Growth
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 186

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.