Problems of American Economic Growth

By Bruce R. Morris | Go to book overview

CHAPTER THREE
THE SUPPLY OF RAW MATERIALS

It was pointed out that growth cannot take place without favorable conditions in respect to a number of factors, including natural resources, labor power, capital, entrepreneurship, and advancing technology. These particular factors are basic for development. Other factors may prevent growth from reaching its potential; for example, insufficient purchasing power, economic instability, or unstable prices. Even though these conditions are favorable, an unfavorable condition with respect to the basic factors would militate against growth. For example, at any stage of technological advance, growth would be limited by the supply of natural resources, taken to include the metals and minerals, energy sources, water, agricultural products, and forests. It is important then to examine our prospects in relation to future supplies of raw materials. Later chapters will deal with the other factors. Conversely plentiful resources are encouraging. A new good source of raw materials can be counted on to increase investments in order to exploit it. This increased investment results in further growth of other industries as purchasing power expands.


Fear of Shortage

Early economists pictured a dismal future for mankind because they thought that population increase would outrun the potential increase in food supply. This was based on the notion that little could be expected of the people in relation to restraining births whereas food supply could not be increased indefinitely because of the law of diminishing returns. Furthermore, relatively little progress was made in agricultural techniques so that it was hard to conceive of an improving technology that would be sufficient to overcome this tendency to diminishing returns. Although this early discussion was always in terms of the food supply, the same sort of reasoning could be applied to any resource and probably would have been if manufacturing had been more important. Thus man was thought to

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Problems of American Economic Growth
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface v
  • Contents vii
  • Chapter One - Introduction 3
  • Chapter Two - The American Record 19
  • Chapter Three - The Supply of Raw Materials 39
  • Chapter Four - Population and the Supply of Workers 59
  • Chapter Five - The Supply of Capital 84
  • Chapter Six - Technological Change And Entrepreneurship 111
  • Chapter Seven - Consumer Demands 137
  • Chapter Eight - Government Expenditure 158
  • Chapter Nine - Relations with Other Economies 179
  • Chapter Ten - Problem of Balanced Growth 217
  • Bibliography 256
  • Chapter Twelve - Summary and Conclusions 257
  • Appendix A 262
  • Bibliography 266
  • Index 267
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