José Martí, Cuban Patriot

By Richard Butler Gray | Go to book overview

Chapter 8
THE PEOPLE SPEAK

FROM THE VIEWPOINT of politics it is clear that in many respects Cuba has not achieved the romantically democratic splendor that José Martí dreamed of for his Republic. Other areas of Cuban society were also examined to see whether Martí's ideals had been carried out up to 1957. In view of the Apostle's often reiterated, but not consistent, declarations of his identification with the common man, this chapter has included statements by union leaders to find to what extent labor has identified itself with its alleged champion. As will be seen, labor paid homage to Martí, but only superficially.

In consideration of Martí's two favorite occupations, education and journalism, this chapter has also examined statements by newspaper men and teachers as an assessment of their attitudes toward the fulfillment of Martí's ideals. As will be seen, neither of these professions fully represent Martian aspirations.

Finally, informal conversations with Cubans at various levels of society in Havana have been reported. These are impressions of Martí by persons speaking for themselves rather than as representatives of special groups. The study will show that the consensus of these views is that Cuba has not achieved Martí's ideal Republic.


Martí as Viewed by Labor Leaders

Since the downfall of Gerardo Machado in 1933 the labor movement in Cuba, organized as the Confederación de Trabajadores de Cuba (the Cuban Confederation of Workers, usually referred to as the CTC) has enjoyed a period of extensive growth. By 1944 that

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José Martí, Cuban Patriot
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Forward v
  • Acknowledgements ix
  • Contents xi
  • Introduction xiii
  • Chapter 1 - Biography 1
  • Chapter 2 - Moral and Social Ideas 35
  • Chapter 3 - Political Ideas 59
  • Chapter 4 - Transfiguration in the Plastic Arts 83
  • Chapter 5 - Symbolism in Social Groups 110
  • Chapter 6 - The Apotheosis of José Martí 132
  • Chapter 7 - Symbolism in Politics 148
  • Chapter 8 - The People Speak 196
  • Chapter 9 - Aftermath of the Revolution 229
  • Chapter 10 - Summary and Conclusions 245
  • Notes 263
  • Bibliography 285
  • Index 299
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