The Growth of Philosophic Radicalism

By Elie Halévy; Mary Morris | Go to book overview

CHAPTER III
ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL THEORIES

IN every social philosophy, and in particular in the Utilitarian doctrine, there is, over and above the juridical problem, a double problem, on the one hand economic and on the other constitutional or political.

In order to support the officials whose business it is to make the laws, to apply them, to see that they are carried out, and to defend the nation against foreign enemies, the State must impose pecuniary charges on the citizens and injure their economic interests, at least in a relative and temporary manner. Further the State can set itself to protect the economic interests of the citizens against competition from outside) and, within, to protect the economic interests of any particular class. In a word, the State assigns itself an economic function. It was in 1776, in his Wealth of Nations, that Adam Smith tried to solve the economic problem by taking his stand on the principle of utility. In 1787, in his first attempt at political economy, Bentham adopted the fundamental ideas of Adam Smith.

The legislating, policing, and tax-collecting State may be of many various types. It may be either monarchic, aristocratic or democratic, or again it may be mixed, containing a combination of monarchic, aristocratic or democratic elements. But every State has a constitution. In 1776, in his Fragment on Government, which was inspired by David Hume, Bentham founded a criticism of current constitutional doctrines on the principle of utility.

Thus, in economic and constitutional as in juridical affairs, Bentham, the disciple of David Hume and Adam Smith, was a typical representative of the dawning Utilitarian movement. We shall now inquire how the principle of utility was applied by the eighteenth century advocates of the Utilitarian thesis, and in particular by Bentham, the future head of the school, to the questions of political economy and constitutional law.

-88-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
The Growth of Philosophic Radicalism
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 554

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.