CHAPTER II
OF LANGUAGE

I. THE THEORY OF LANGUAGE EXPANDED

LINGUISTIC PHILOSOPHY IS, amongst other things, a theory of language. In essence, it consists of seeing language naturalistically. Language is a natural thing, an activity undertaken by concrete men in concrete contexts. As already indicated, the force of this view is best appreciated if one stresses what this view denies.

This view denies that language is, in fact or in principle or in some hidden way, a mirror of reality, a mirror such that, from the nature of the basic constituents of language, one could infer the basic constituents of reality. Some view of this kind was tacitly assumed, it is said, by much of past philosophy: if linguistic philosophers are right, this was the crucial error of past philosophers, and the fact that the human mind is given to this type of error is the basis of all or most (past, mistaken) philosophy, whilst the essence of good (linguistic) philosophy is the elimination of the manifold errors springing from that key mistake.

It has often been said that man in the past saw nature, and God, in his own image. It now also appears that he saw things in the image of his own language. So the overcoming of logomorphism supplements the overcoming of anthropomorphism.

The new view also denies that language could be such a mirror of reality and hence clue to its basic constituents. This view asserts not merely that natural languages are simply sets of activities of a certain kind in which men engage with concrete ends in mind and in concrete circumstances; it also asserts that language is inescapably, essentially, a class of doings of this kind. No fundamental logical skeleton underlies the manifold doings of concrete speakers. No logically constructed language could replace actual kinds of speech and claim some kind of priority.

This type of view of language, or attitude towards its philosophic significance, is communicated by linguistic philosophers

-27-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Words and Things
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page 3
  • Acknowledgements 7
  • Contents 9
  • Introduction 13
  • Chapter I - Of Linguistic Philosophy 17
  • Chapter II - Of Language 27
  • Chapter III - Of Philosophy 57
  • Chapter IV - Of the World 99
  • Chapter V - Of Knowledge 120
  • Chapter VI - Structure and Strategy 159
  • Chapter VII - Assessment 193
  • Chapter VIII - Implications 220
  • Chapter IX - Sociology 229
  • Chapter X - Conclusion 263
  • Index 267
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 274

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.