UNITED STATES ARMY--CALIFORNIA AND TEXAS CONFEDERATE
STATES ARMY--VIRGINIA, YORKTOWN, ELTHAM'S LANDING,
SEVEN PINES OR FAIR OAKS.
I RECEIVED at the age of seventeen an appointment as Cadet at West Point through my maternal uncle, Judge French, who was then in Congress. I fancied a military life, although it was not my father's choice. He occupied a high position in the medical world, and preferred I should adopt his profession; he offered me every inducement--even the privilege of completing my studies in Europe. I, nevertheless, adhered to my decision. Doubtless I had inherited this predilection from my grandfathers, who were soldiers under Washington. They were of English origin; had settled at an early period in Virginia, and after taking an active part in the War of Independence, emigrated to Kentucky, "the dark and bloody ground," where they lived in constant warfare with the Indians. One of them was married in the Fort of Boonsboro', the first fortification constructed in that State, the land of my nativity.
I entered the Military Academy in 1849, and graduated in the Class of Sheridan, McPherson and Schofield, in 1853, when I was appointed Brevet Second Lieutenant in the Fourth