REPLY TO GENERAL JOHNSTON--HIS INTENTION TO ABANDON ATLANTA--EVACUATION OF RICHMOND CONTEMPLATED IN 1862--ATTEMPT TO COURT MARTIAL.
AFTER General Johnston's abandonment of the mountains of Georgia, his inconsistency in maintaining that Atlanta was a position "too strong to be carried by assault," must indeed strike with surprise not only military men, but civilians of intelligence. From the earliest periods of history mountain fastnesses have proved, by actual test, the most secure strongholds to every people determined upon obstinate resistance. General Lee asserted shortly before the close of the war that he could continue the struggle twenty years longer, if hostilities were transferred to the mountain regions of the Confederacy. Numerous instances are adducible to attest the fact that prolongation of war is ofttimes to be attributed to such protection from Nature. To cite an example from a neighboring island, how long, I venture to inquire, would the Cubans have held out against the Spanish Government, if their territory had been devoid of mountains, and had stretched forth to the sea in one vast plain like the country from Atlanta?
But when the Confederate commander, with seventy thousand available men, surrendered the Thermopylae of the South