FROM THE PROLETARIAT TO THE WORKING CLASS
Today, no other social class in eastern Europe is studied with such a pietism as the working class. In all socialist countries, both sociologists and historians have produced a huge literature concerning various aspects of the working-class. Most of the studies published after 1945 have two characteristic features: Apologetism and narrowness in the scope of interest. Therefore, there is a lack of synthetic approaches to the fascinating problem of this class, whose poverty and oppression brought about one of the greatest revolutions in human history.
The aim of this chapter is to focus on some less discussed problems in the development of the proletariat in eastern Europe.
The size and composition of the working-class is changing parallel to the economic development of modern societies. It was the Industrial Revolution that generated the need for masses of manual workers and enabled them to form