STRUCTURAL CHANGES INTRODUCED BY THE IMPORTED REVOLUTIONS
Until 1945, the countries that today are called "Eastern Europe" composed neither a political bloc nor a cultural unity. Most of these countries have gravitated toward the western powers because of the foreboding threat of the Soviet giant. The exception is Czechoslovakia; this country has had a long tradition of believing in the Russian promises of support.
After the physical destruction brought about by World War II, the whole of eastern Europe was separated from the West by the Iron Curtain. Thus it entered a new historical epoch. The Soviet victory over her Western allies appeared to be a great calamity for all of the political dreams of the eastern European countries.