Australian External Policy under Labor: Content, Process and the National Debate

By Henry S. Albinski | Go to book overview

Navy notions that stronger representations should be made, the United States assumed a fairly relaxed posture. All the same, official rejection of Omega would be potential ammunition for the opposition. As leader, Fraser had sharpened the L-CP's tone of foreign and defence policy criticism, including accusations against Labor of narrow-minded anti-Americanism. For the rest of its time in office, the Labor government simply kept a decision about Omega in abeyance and barely raised the subject in public settings. Omega, an ostensibly civilian navigational system, illuminated many of the complexities of defence policy conduct under the Labor government and the range of critical opinion capable of being generated.


NOTES
1.
Defence Report 1974 ( Canberra: 1974), p. 5. For representative Barnard speeches, see Commonwealth [Australian] Parliamentary Debates (APD), House of Representatives (HR), ( 9 April 1974), esp. pp. 1232-43; and his speech at Cooma, 10 May 1975, transcript, pp. 6-8. For Morrison, see his television interview remarks ("Federal File"), transcript, esp. p. 4. There are a number of sources that synthesize Labor's defence doctrines and policies. For instance, see Barnard's article in Bulletin, 3 May 1975; and Australian Defence: Major Decisions Since December 1972 ( Canberra: 1975), passim, and T. B. Millar, "Defence Under Labor", Current Affairs Bulletin 52 ( December 1975): 4-18.
2.
Forbes, address to RSL national congress, Melbourne, 29 October 1974, Liberal Party Federal Executive Release, p. 3. Emphasis added. Also see his "Defence Under a Liberal Government", Pacific Defence Reporter ( October 1974): 9-11. Also see Liberal and National Country Parties, Defence Policy ( Canberra: Liberal Party Federal Secretariat, 1975), esp. pp. 1-2. Much valuable material on strategic assumptions and the role of the armed forces is contained in United Service 28 ( October 1974), which includes papers from the seminar on "The Defence of Australia 1974". Also see the chapter on "Strategic Considerations" in Committee of Inquiry into the Citizen Military Forces [Millar Committee] Report ( Canberra: 1974), pp. 27-34.
3.
Senator R. Bishop (representing the Minister for Defence), APD Senate ( 11 February 1975, p. 57.
4.
Overviews of overseas military activities are found in the annual Defence Reports. On Australia's role in Malaysia/ Singapore, see M. Richardson, Sydney Morning Herald, 15 July 1974. On its role in PNG, see P. Hastings, Sydney Morning Herald, 18 April 1974; and Barnard's statement "Transfer of Defence Power to Papua New Guinea", tabled in the House of Representatives, 4 March 1975. For an inventory of army personnel overseas, see Barnard, APD, HR ( 18 February 1975), p. 418.
5.
Cited in Sydney Morning Herald, 25 July 1974. Also Kiki, cited in Sydney Morning Herald, 7 December 1974; and Barnard, Australian Defence Estimates 1974-75 ( 24 October 1974), pp. 29-33. In the academic literature, see H. Smith, "Internal Conflict in an Independent Papua New Guinea: Problems of Australian Involvement", Australian Outlook 28 ( August 1974): 160-67; and J. Camilleri "'Internal Conflict in an Independent New Guinea': A Rejoinder", Australian Outlook 28 ( December 1974): 308-12; H. Bull, "Australia's Involvement in Independent Papua-New Guinea", World Review 13 ( March 1974): 1-18; and P. Mench, "After Independence... Australian Military Involvement?" New Guinea and Australia, the Pacific and South East Asia 9 ( January 1975): 42-54. For representative press commentaries, see P. Hastings , Sydney Morning Herald, 27 April 1973; I. Hicks, Melbourne Age, 6 July 1973 and Sydney Morning Herald, 30 June 1975; M. Hollingsworth, Australian, 9 May 1975; and F. Cranston, Canberra Times, 8 September 1975.
6.
Barnard, address Royal Military College, Duntroon, 12 August 1974, transcript, p. 10.

-268-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Australian External Policy under Labor: Content, Process and the National Debate
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • 1 - The Liberal Inheritance: I 1
  • Notes 25
  • 2 - The Liberal Inheritance: II 28
  • Notes 57
  • 3 - Australia and the International Scene 60
  • Notes 89
  • 4 - External Policy: Diplomatic Dimensions: I 92
  • Notes 120
  • 5 - External Policy: Diplomatic Dimensions: II 124
  • Notes 173
  • 6 - External Policy: Economic Dimensions 178
  • Notes 219
  • 7 - External Policy: Defence Dimensions 225
  • Notes 268
  • 8 - The External Policy Process 274
  • Notes 317
  • 9 - Electoral Politics and External Policy 321
  • Notes 352
  • Bibliography 355
  • Index 359
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 378

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.