through Parliament. During the year many letters passed between the Queen, the Archbishops and the Prime Minister, designed to flout the "unwise and unprotestant" arguments of Mr. Gladstone. The Queen had her own ideas on appointments that would "strengthen the tottering fabric of the Established Church." 1 As she sat in the "sweet stillness of Claremont," or with the "bonnie breezes of Balmoral" about her, she read Mr. Disraeli's letters: so picturesque, so wise and so patient. He answered her insistent notes by assuring her that while he was "supported" by her, he was in "good heart."
On August 6, the Queen wrote to the Archbishop of Canterbury in high delight. The "welcome news" of the passing of the bill had reached her at Osborne. Mr. Disraeli hurried down to tell her the details of this, his first big victory over Mr. Gladstone. He described the visit in a letter to Lady Bradford:
Osborne was lovely, its green shades refreshing after the fervent glare of the voyage, and its blue bay full of white sails. The Faery sent for me the instant I arrived. I can only describe my reception by telling you that I really thought she was going to embrace me. She was wreathed with smiles, and as she tattled, glided about the room like a bird. She told me it was"all owing to my courage and tact,"and then she said,"To think of you having the gout all this time! How you must have suffered! and you ought not to stand now. You shall have a chair!"
Only think of that! I remember that feu Lord Derby, after one of his severest illnesses, had an audience with Her Majesty, and he mentioned it to me as proof of the Queen's favour, that Her Majesty had remarked to him"how sorry she was she could not ask him to be seated."The etiquette was so severe.
I remembered all this as she spoke, so I humbly declined the privilege, saying I was quite well, but would avail myself of her gracious kindness if I ever had another attack!
THE history of the development of Great Britain and the Second British Empire during Queen Victoria's reign is enriched by three main achievements. Two material gains came from the growth of trade at home and overseas, and the acquisition of territories in all the oceans of the world. The third, less material gain, was in the improvement of living condi