ham Palace, but she dictated what she felt about the
" never-to-be‐ forgotten day,"before she went to bed.
"No one ever, I believe, has met with such an ovation as was given to me, passing through those six miles of streets . . . the cheering was quite deafening, and every face seemed to be filled with real joy. I was much moved and gratified. "
THE Queen enjoyed great personal power in Europe during the years before the South African War began. The rulers of Spain and Holland appealed to her for guidance and she seemed to be the only person who could intimidate her grandson in Germany. Feelings between Britain and France during the nineties were especially bitter because of colonial rivalry, but the President waited on the Queen when she arrived in Cimiez for her holiday and told her she was aimée par la population.1 When she drove to a parade of the garrison the French Governor ordered that the salute be given to the Queen, and not to him. The British Ambassador in Paris told Lord Salisbury it was a "simple truism" that, whatever might be "the condition of the official relations" between the two governments, "the veneration and respect" for the Queen of England were "never affected or prejudiced thereby. "2
With Russia, the Queen's influence was less certain. Alexander III had died in November, 1894. Nicholas II was Tsar and Queen Victoria's granddaughter, Alix, daughter of her "beloved Alice," was Tsarina. Within a month of his accession the young Tsar had "shocked English political sentiment" by describing schemes for popular government as "senseless dreams" and pledging himself to "the principle of absolute autocracy. "3
The Tsar and Tsarina visited Balmoral, in September, 1896, and during twelve days of cautious conversation, Queen Victoria tried to fathom the mind of her guest. The response was meagre and when the Tsar arrived in France, after being escorted to mid-Channel by a British squadron and met by a detachment of the French fleet, there was no doubt as to where his sympathies lay. The domestic scenes at Balmoral, where Queen Victoria had dutifully stepped back to allow her granddaughter, the Tsarina of all the Russias, to go through the