ECONOMIC MOTIVES FOR RESISTANCE
Obstacles are frequently encountered before inventions are accepted. Such obstacles in their various manifestations constitute resistance to invention. Resistance may result from an act which is consciously directed toward the suppression of a given invention; it may, on the other hand, be the unconscious outgrowth of activities directed toward quite different objectives. While the motives of men are complex and often obscure, in the history of resistance generally economic motives have played a leading role.
Inventions Are Used Only When Success Is Imminent.As the scale of business operation expands and as the large corporation takes hold, business finance assumes tremendous proportions. It is natural that captains of industry should guard existent investments and that they should hesitate to sink new capital into questionable, expensive, or competitive enterprise. That the past represents conservatism whereas the future holds potential progress means little to the industrialist unless progress is synonomous with profit-making— that is, unless the incidence of a particular technologic invention is so inevitable as to insure its business success.
Where needs are clearly recognized and where effort is made to meet these needs through invention, the resulting instruments or devices are likely to replace already existing instruments or devices. Hence buses have outmoded street‐ cars, paved roads and steel buildings have succeeded gravel roads and wooden structures, modern lighting equipment has relegated the candle to a symbol of bygone days. All down the line, whether in the home or in the office, in travel