Revolutionary New England, 1691-1776

By James Truslow Adams | Go to book overview

CHAPTER XIII
THE PRICE OF PEACE

Controversy over the Terms of Peace -- the Value of Colonies -- The West Indies -- The Problem o the West -- Proclamation of 1763 -- Indian Affairs -- Influence of War on Imperial Ideals -- Ferment in the Colonies -- English Social Outlook -- Increased Expenses of Imperial Administration -- Method Adopted to Meet Them -- New Trade Measures -- Effect on Colonists -- Economic Crisis -- Position of the Merchants

IN treating of the war we have necessarily confined ourselves to that portion of it which was of direct interest to New England, and could not describe the events in the other theaters of action in what was a world-wide struggle for empire. Similarly, owing to the limited scope of this work, we must ignore the complicated relations of the nations to one another and the political conditions in England which gave rise to what the majority of Englishmen considered a shameful peace. John Wilkes, with characteristic irreligious wit, had said of the preliminary terms made at Fontainebleau that it was "certainly the peace of God for it passeth all understanding," 1 and he definitive Treaty of Paris pleased him and many other Englishmen but little better. Nevertheless, it was forced through the House of Commons by means of bribery and corruption in a degree scandalous even in the eighteenth century. Pitt, no longer minister, and so ill that he could hardly appear, spoke for over three hours against the betrayal, but Fox's bribes had done their work too well and, although a turbulent crowd outside the doors roared their disapproval, the House passed the proposals by an enormous majority.2

____________________
1
Cited by H. Blackley, Life of John Wilkes, ( London, 1917), p. 65.
2
Pitt had resigned in 1761. For the negotiations concerning the peace vide Corbett, Seven Years' War, vol. II, PP. 327f.; Williams, William Pitt, vol. II, pp. 126 ff.; A. von Ruville, William Pitt, ( London, 1907), vol. III, pp. 82 ff.; Kate Hotblack, "The Peace of Paris," Royal Historical Society Transactions, Ser. II, vol. II, pp. 235 ff.

-278-

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Revolutionary New England, 1691-1776
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface V
  • Contents ix
  • Illustrations xiii
  • Chapter I- Introductory 3
  • Chapter II- The Machinery of Empire 18
  • Chapter III- The Dawn of the Century 30
  • Chapter IV- The Policy of Unified Control 46
  • Chapter V- Attempts at Coöperation, Imperial and Colonial 60
  • Chapter VI- The Rising Tide 84
  • Chapter VII- Diverging Interests 111
  • Chapter VIII- Expanding Energies 138
  • Chapter IX- The Great Divide 169
  • Chapter X- The Wrong Turning 200
  • Chapter XI- The Fate of a Continent 221
  • Chapter XII- War and Business 250
  • Chapter XIII- The Price of Peace 278
  • Chapter XIV- The Insoluble Problem 304
  • Chapter XV- Darkening Skies 338
  • Chapter XVI- The Issue Defined 369
  • Chapter XVII- The Defeat of the Conservatives 406
  • Chapter XVIII- Civil War 433
  • Index 453
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