The French Civil Service: Bureaucracy in Transition

By Walter Rice Sharp | Go to book overview

CHAPTER XI DEPARTMENTAL STUDIES OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT

The efficacy of methods of managing personnel in a manysided public service can best be judged by evaluating their application in its component units. Case studies of specific departments and services will help to set the personnel practices of each in their proper perspective. As these studies progress, two major criteria should constantly be kept in mind: (1) How have departmental policies worked in terms of satisfying legitimate staff aspirations? (2) How effective have they been in securing for the department the best available talent for the administration of Rs multifarious activities at each level?

For these special appraisals the following six departments were selected:

Foreign Affairs (1,600 employees)
Public Works (18,000 employees)
Justice (6,000 employees)
Finance (90,000 employees)
P. T. T. (150,000 employees)
Public Instruction (150,000 employees)

The first three comprise small, highly trained corps of officials performing politico-administrative, technical, and professional operations respectively. The next two (Finance and P. T. T.) are large-scale organizations, with thousands of subaltern employees preforming routinized operations in the field, an extensive inspectorate, and a complex headquarters set-up--the one service being engaged mainly in collecting and spending public revenues and the other in selling communication serv-

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