On the 30th May Govr. Randolph brought forward the principles of a federal Government. The idea suggested was, a national Government to consist of three branches. Agreed.2 The Legislature to consist of two branches.
Resolved that the first branch of the Legislature ought to be elected by the People of the several States.3
A debate arose on this point.
Mr. Sherman thought the State Legislatures were better qualified to elect the Members than the people were.
Mr. Gerry was of the same opinion.
Mr. Mason was of the opinion that the appointment of the Legislature coming from the people would make the representation actual, but if it came from the State Legislatures it will be only virtual.
Mr. Wilson thought that one branch of the Legislature ought to be drawn from the people, because on the great foundation of the people all Government ought to rest. He would wish to see the new Constitution established on a broad basis, and rise like a pyramid to a respectable point.
Mr. Maddison was of the opinion that the appointment of the Members to the first branch of the national Legislature ought to be made by the people for two reasons,--one was that it would inspire confidence, and the other that it would induce the Government to sympathize with the people.____________________