WOMEN IN INDUSTRY
No subject in the hotly contested field of industrial relationships is more sharply debated than women in industry. The issue does not concern the facts, but the interpretation to be put on them and what ought to be done about them. The two extreme views are, on the one hand, that "woman's place is in the home" and that she should go back there; and, on the other hand, that there ought to be no difference between the status of men and women in industry.
Over and over again I have listened to men,—yes, and women, too—who have told me their tragedies of unemployment. They have spoken bitterly of the system responsible, but the "revolutionary" cure which they have advocated has been that women—at any rate, married women—should not be allowed to work, especially if their husbands have jobs.
But we are interested primarily in the facts and if we get them straight it may be easier to reach a correct conclusion on controversial issues. A summary statement of facts would go something like this:
Women have always worked. In recent years they have gone out of the home in greater numbers to work because industry has gone out of the home. Nevertheless, woman is still primarily the housekeeper and home maker. According to Women at Work, a bulletin of the United States Department of Labor, "If a married woman is working in a factory, or a laundry, or a restaurant kitchen, one may be pretty sure that her husband or sons are unemployed, or their wages are too low to prop