Roosevelt, from Munich to Pearl Harbor: A Study in the Creation of a Foreign Policy

By Basil Rauch | Go to book overview

14.
The Atlantic Conference

HOPKINS ACCOMPANIED CHURCHILL AND HIS SUBORDINATES on the battleship Prince of Wales to the August 9, 1941, rendezvous off Argentia, Newfoundland, where it met the cruiser Augusta which carried Roosevelt, Under Secretary Welles, and staff officers. The fact that the leaders of the two great democracies met and became friends as well as collaborators in itself justified the meeting. It was a demonstration of incalculable value to the morale of humanity and an important defeat for the Axis, whose propaganda proclaimed that distrust prevailed between the Americans and the British.

Three main subjects were dealt with by the members of the Atlantic Conference: military and naval strategy against Hitler and Mussolini; a joint declaration of peace aims; and diplomatic strategy against Japan. They will be taken up in turn. Beard, Morgenstern, and the Minority Report of the Joint Congressional Committee all charge that Roosevelt made commitments to Churchill in all three fields which proved his intention to lead the United States into the war by means of "complicated maneuvers, a "secret alliance with Britain," "provocations" of the Axis governments, "deceit" towards the American people, and sundry other techniques.

The best authorities for what actually happened at the Atlantic Conference are Sumner Welles in his testimony before the Joint Committee and in his book, Where Are We Heading?1 and Robert Sherwood, who was permitted to compare British records with Welles's material and Hopkins' private papers. Sherwood found nothing in the British records to support Beard's ominous refer-

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Roosevelt, from Munich to Pearl Harbor: A Study in the Creation of a Foreign Policy
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Also by Basil Rauch ii
  • Title Page iii
  • Preface vii
  • Contents xi
  • 1 - Introduction 1
  • 2 - Roosevelt and the "New Neutrality 13
  • 4 - The Primacy of Foreign Danger 80
  • 5 - The Fight Against the Arm Embargo: Failure 102
  • 6- The Fight Against the Arms Embargo: Success 128
  • 7 - The "Phony" War 160
  • 8 - "Behind Walls of Sand" 193
  • 9 - "Because America Exists" 227
  • 10 - The Vichy Policy 272
  • 11 - Lend Lease 289
  • 12 - The Convoy Conundrum 314
  • 13 - America and Russia 347
  • 14 - The Atlantic Conference 358
  • 15 - Roosevelt and Japan 375
  • 16 - "Shoot on Sight" 409
  • 17 - Roosevelt and Konoye 431
  • 18 - Roosevelt and Pearl Harbor 455
  • Epilogue 494
  • Reference Notes 497
  • Index 515
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