The Atlantic Conference
HOPKINS ACCOMPANIED CHURCHILL AND HIS SUBORDINATES on the battleship Prince of Wales to the August 9, 1941, rendezvous off Argentia, Newfoundland, where it met the cruiser Augusta which carried Roosevelt, Under Secretary Welles, and staff officers. The fact that the leaders of the two great democracies met and became friends as well as collaborators in itself justified the meeting. It was a demonstration of incalculable value to the morale of humanity and an important defeat for the Axis, whose propaganda proclaimed that distrust prevailed between the Americans and the British.
Three main subjects were dealt with by the members of the Atlantic Conference: military and naval strategy against Hitler and Mussolini; a joint declaration of peace aims; and diplomatic strategy against Japan. They will be taken up in turn. Beard, Morgenstern, and the Minority Report of the Joint Congressional Committee all charge that Roosevelt made commitments to Churchill in all three fields which proved his intention to lead the United States into the war by means of "complicated maneuvers, a "secret alliance with Britain," "provocations" of the Axis governments, "deceit" towards the American people, and sundry other techniques.
The best authorities for what actually happened at the Atlantic Conference are Sumner Welles in his testimony before the Joint Committee and in his book, Where Are We Heading?1 and Robert Sherwood, who was permitted to compare British records with Welles's material and Hopkins' private papers. Sherwood found nothing in the British records to support Beard's ominous refer-