reveals the stresses and tensions that increased dramatically after 1763 and threatened the town's cohesion. Here it becomes clear that given Newport's structure and economic base--given its dependence on the sea--British imperial policy in the decade before the Revolution had a devastating effect. Rebellious and uncompromising, the town was torn apart over the question of livelihood vs. loyalty. The American Revolution was a civil war in Newport, Rhode Island. It was stimulated by economic considerations which in turn created dissension and disorder. The issues were resolved only after a long and costly war which brought a weakened Newport the independence it demanded but could no longer enjoy.