Some of the issues and proposals in this book were first introduced in journal articles and book chapters. I am grateful to the editors and publishers who have granted permission to use portions of the following material in the present volume:
"Music as Culture: Toward a Multicultural Concept of Arts Education," Journal of Aesthetic Education 24, no. 1 ( Spring 1990): 147-66.
"Music as Knowledge," Journal of Aesthetic Education 25, no. 3 ( Fall 1991): 21- 40.
"When I Sing: The Nature and Value of Choral Music Education," Choral Journal 33, no. 8 ( March 1993): 11-17. Portions reprinted by permission of the American Choral Directors Association.
"Musicing, Listening and Musical Understanding," Contributions to Music Education, no. 20 ( 1993): 64-83.
"On the Values of Music and Music Education," Philosophy of Music Education Review 1, no. 2 ( Fall 1993): 81-93.
Winds of Change: A Colloquium in Music Education with Charles Fowler and David J. Elliott. ed. Marie McCarthy. New York: ACA Books, American Council for the Arts in cooperation with the University of Maryland at College Park, 1994. Portions reprinted by permission of the University of Maryland at College Park.
I am also grateful to HarperCollins Publishers Inc., for permission to make adaptations (see Figures 5.2 and 5.3) of the figure from page 74 of Flow : The Psychology of Optimal Experience, copyright © 1990 by Mihalyi Csikszentmihalyi.