The First Conflicts
The arrival of the Portuguese in Brazil was closely followed by that of the French, who immediately began to barter with the natives. Given the vastness of the littoral, the French and Portuguese could have spent years without coming into contact with one another. But they were fated to meet, and the meeting would not be friendly.
Because of papal concessions, the border treaty with Spain, and their primacy in the land, the Portuguese considered the new territory to be the direct and exclusive property of the Crown. The king received a percentage of all goods brought out, and the outfitters wanted profit from their efforts and investments.
The presence of intruders hurt them all in every way. The French sold Brazilian commodities in European markets at lower prices, because they did not have to pay a royal fifth. They brought them directly to markets since they did not have to stop at Lisbon. In Brazil, if they could get on well with the natives, who might receive them better, they would be spared the natives' treachery and fraud. Indeed, they might be given preference in trade, and the natives would get used to and prefer French merchandise. Furthermore, as a matter of principle, Portugal did not want the sons of other nations setting foot on Portuguese overseas possessions.
From Paraíba in the north to São Vicente in the south, the coast was populated with tribes who spoke the same language, who shared a common origin and similar customs. Irreconcilable hatred, however, divided