Direction and the Director
During its long history the theatre has belonged variously to each of its many artists. The playwright, actor, scenic artist, electrician, costumer, and director have each, in turn, had their "hour upon the stage." At present the pre-eminent position belongs to the director. During the twentieth century he may have seemed to be jockeying at times with the electrician or the inevitable star actor, but in America it has been he, more than any other, who has gradually and surely been growing in importance.
Although the average audience may remember the acting, praise the play, and discuss the artistry of various technicians, it is invariably the director whose planning, selection, and interpretation have been the determining factors in the design of the over-all production. Nonetheless, few of even the most informed theatregoers could name the director of five plays they saw last season. They may not have even recognized his contribution to the produc-