All research, whether carried out in groups or by lone scholars, depends on the work and support of others. In this case, I have had the benefit of good friends and insightful readers. The following people have read all or part of the manuscript at one or another stage and provided invaluable advice: James William Gibson, Edward Greenberg, Jennifer Hochschild, Peter Hall, Joel Krieger, Michael MacDonald, Lawrence Noble, Bo Rothstein, Wendy Sarvasy, Ron Schmidt, and Michael Wallerstein. I owe special debts to two people. Frances Fox Piven provided invaluable comments on the first draft. Larry George read the entire manuscript twice. I benefited as well from the comments of the anonymous referees who evaluated the manuscript for publication. The editors at Oxford University Press were a pleasure to work with ( Thomas LeBien's substatitive suggestions were especially useful; Lisa Stallings' help during production was invaluable). As to responsibility for the final product, the usual caveat applies: I am sure I ignored too much sound advice; the blame for any errors that follow is entirely mine.
California State University at Long Beach, although not equipped to support scholarly research, and burdened by an inhospitable fiscal environment, has provided me with what help it could afford at critical junctures. My colleagues in the political science department have encouraged this work; my students in graduate and undergraduate courses have gamely tried to come to terms with every new literature I threw at them as I worked through these materials.
Finally, in different ways, my wife, Pamela Bottaro, my daughter, Rebecca, and my parents, Hyman and Jeanette Noble, have provided me with the emotional and psychological aid and comfort that a project of this sort requires. I thank them all.
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