Ibn 'Aqil: Religion and Culture in Classical Islam

By George Makdisi | Go to book overview

the proofs arrived at through his personal, independent research (ijtihād), rather than allowing his respect for the seniority of the Salaf to stand in the way. 93

The above Shafi'i Traditionalists, Dhahabi and Ibn Kathir, and the Hanbali Ibn Rajab, were disciples of Ibn Taimiya, and held him in the highest regard. They all shared with him his belief that Ibn 'Aqil was influenced by Mu'tazilism, especially as regards the metaphorical interpretation of the divine attributes. But Ibn Taimiya, who excels them all in Islamic religious history and in his knowledge of Ibn 'Aqil's doctrines, revised his opinion of Ibn 'Aqil, believing him to have ended by adhering to pure Sunni orthodoxy.


Notes to Part One
1.
Muntaẓam, VIII, 275-6; Mir'āt, fols.139a-139b; Dhail, I, 175-6; Taḥrīm, #7, #8, and #9.
2.
Abu 'l-Qasim ' Abd Allah Ibn Ridwan died in 474/1081; see Muntaẓam, VIII, 333. Cited freqently in Diary; see index.
3.
See Diary, index.
4.
Abu Muhammad, elder son of Abu Mansur b. Yusuf; for both father and son, see Diary, index.
5.
Abu 'Abd Allah b. Jarada; see Diary, index.
6.
Abu 'l-Hasan, younger son of Abu Mansur b. Yusuf.
7.
Taḥrīm, #9.
8.
Affaire, 124.
9.
On the transformation of the law madhhab into a legal guild, see below, Part Two, Chapter I.
10.
Taḥrīm, #9.
11.
Dhail, I, 190.
12.
Passion, II, 497, citing Dhahabi, Tārīkh, sub anno591; A'lām, IX, 60, apud I'lām of Ibn Qadi Shuhba citing Hibat Refutation of the Nuṣra.
13.
Dhail(F), I, 106; see also Passion, II, 184.
14.
Ibn 'Aqil, 300.
15.
Ibid., 301.
16.
See Muntaẓam, VII, 161; Kāmil, sub anno422, biographical notice, where Kitāb 'ala madhhab as-sunna. On Ibn Hajib an-Nu'man, see TB, XII, 31; Muntaẓam, VIII, 51-2.
17.
Ibn 'Aqil, 301-3.
18.
TB, IV, 37, where the title of al-Qadir's book is given as Kitāb fī 'l-Uṣ ū l; Kāmil, sub anno, 422, same title; but Munta᪓am, VII, 161, has "'Kitāb fīhī 'l-Uṣ ū l'", a book containing the basic articles of Traditionalist faith, i.e. among other things.
19.
Al-Qa'im's publication of the Qadiri Creed is stated to have been in the year 432, when the religious intellectuals, headed by the ascetic, Abu 'l-Hasan al- Qazwini, appended their signatures to the Creed; see THY, II, 210 (lines 14- 16). For the Arabic text of this Creed, see Muntaẓam, VIII, 109-111; German translation by A. Mez, in Renaissance, 198-201; English translation by S. Khuda Bukhsh, in Renaissance, 206-9; French translation by G. Makdisi, in Ibn 'Aqīl, 303-8, and analysis, 308-10.
20.
On the Miḥna, see the article in EI2, s.v. (by M. Hinds), and the bibliography cited; for a recent study on Ma'mun Miḥna, see Ma'm ū n.

-51-

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Ibn 'Aqil: Religion and Culture in Classical Islam
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface xiii
  • Part One Ibn 'Aqil: His Life and Times 1
  • Notes to Part One 51
  • Part Two Ibn 'Aqil and Scholaticism 55
  • Notes to Part Two 57
  • Part Three Ibn 'Aqil and Humanism 157
  • Notes to Part Three 159
  • Conclusion 257
  • Bibliography 262
  • Index 269
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