Ibn 'Aqil: Religion and Culture in Classical Islam

By George Makdisi | Go to book overview

CONCLUSION

The eleventh century in Baghdad, cosmopolitan centre of culture of the Islamic world, is a Traditionalist century of great importance for the political and religious history of classical Islam, as well as for its institutional and intellectual history. In the political and religious realms, it brought the answer to the Mihna and the Rationalist policy of al-Ma'mun. The edicts and the creed of al-Qadir put their definitive Traditionalist imprint on Islam. In the institutional and intellectual realm, the movement of scholasticism, with its Traditionalist guilds of law, its professional institutions of learning, and its scientific scholastic method, reaches its highest point of development. It has a decisive influence on the civilisation of classical Islam, and beyond it, on the Latin Christian West, in both the intellectual and religious realms, a development discussed in detail in two previous books, The Rise of Colleges and The Rise of Humanism.

The triumphant Traditionalism of eleventh-century Baghdad was not itself without a significant contribution from Islamic Rationalist thought. A secure place for reason had to be made in the make-up of Traditionalism; reason had to be accepted as a genuine constituent element of its composition. Traditionalism received this element from its first ancient adversary, Rationalist Mu'tazilism, in the persons of its own members, as early as the fourth/ tenth century. Abu 'l-Hasan at-Tamimi, known to have been a Mu'tazili, was the grandfather of one of Ibn 'Aqil's professors, Abu Muhammad at-Tamimi. Qadi Abu Ya'la, Ibn 'Aqil's Professor of Law, came from a Mu'tazili family; his father, a Hanafi jurisconsult and Mu'tazili theologian of kalām, died when Abu Ya'la was ten years old. Abu Ya'la is the first Hanbali known to have written works on kalām, of which the Mu'tamad fī uṣūl ad-dīn is but an abridged version of a larger inextant work. Thus Ibn 'Aqil was not the first Hanbali with a Mu'tazili background. But it is he who knew how to integrate into the movement of Traditionalism the elements necessary to revitalise the juridical theology of Shafi'i -- uṣūl al-fiqh, for classical Islam.

The affair of Ibn 'Aqil, within the Hanbali guild, illustrated, in the persons of the Sharīf and Ibn 'Aqil, two orientations of Traditionalism: one fideist, the other intellectualist. Of the two, the latter influenced the

-257-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Ibn 'Aqil: Religion and Culture in Classical Islam
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface xiii
  • Part One Ibn 'Aqil: His Life and Times 1
  • Notes to Part One 51
  • Part Two Ibn 'Aqil and Scholaticism 55
  • Notes to Part Two 57
  • Part Three Ibn 'Aqil and Humanism 157
  • Notes to Part Three 159
  • Conclusion 257
  • Bibliography 262
  • Index 269
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 298

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.