Gadsden Purchase. A strip of United States territory along southern New Mexico and Arizona bought from Mexico in 1853. It is named for James Gadsden, ambassador to Mexico from 1853-56, who negotiated the treaty which included the terms of the purchase. The cost was $10,000,000 and also included the settlement of various claims by Mexico against the United States.
gag law. A law placing serious limitations on the freedom of speech or freedom of the press.
gag rule. A rule which can be proposed by the rules committee in the House of Representatives. If its use is approved by the House, a minority is prevented from taking charge of procedure or getting before the House a bill the majority does not want to consider.
Gallipoli Peninsula. The peninsula which forms the west shore of the Dardanelles. The British suffered a major reverse there at the hands of the Turks in 1915.
game preserve. An area in which game hunting is prohibited for the sake of the preservation of wild life.
game warden. An official whose function is to enforce the fishing and game laws.
gangster. A member of a group or gang of persons who makes a profit promoting or protecting by force some illegal activity such as bootlegging or gambling.
gangway. A transverse aisle across the House of Commons, cutting through the benches beyond the center of the room from the speaker. Third parties and less influential members of the other parties are seated "below the gangway," furthest from the speaker.
gasoline tax. Federal and state taxes of several cents per gallon on gasoline. In many cases the income of this tax is earmarked for road construction and repair.
gas warfare. The use in war of poisonous gas as a weapon. In spite of efforts to make its use illegal, it was often used in World War I, though scarcely at all in World War II, probably because both sides were fairly well supplied and prepared to meet it, thus reducing the element of surprise, by which it is most effective.
Gau (GOW). (Plural, Gaue). German word for district. Used as an administrative unit in the Nazi party.
Gauleiter (GOW-lie-ter). District leader of the Nazi party. See GAU.
G. B. E. See ORDER OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE.
G. C. B. See ORDER OF THE BATH.
G. C. I. E. See ORDER OF THE INDIAN EMPIRE.
G. C. M. G. See ORDER OF ST. MICHAEL AND ST. GEORGE.
G. C. S. I. See ORDER OF THE STAR OF INDIA.
G. C. V. O. See ROYAL VICTORIAN ORDER.