Federalism, Finance, and Social Legislation in Canada, Australia, and the United States

By A. H. Birch | Go to book overview

10
POST-WAR DEVELOPMENTS

I. THE NEW SITUATION

IN the post-war period two factors which have hitherto been in the background have moved forward to the front of the stage. One is the cost of national defence, the indefinite continuance of which at a high level makes it essential for the federal governments to have first claim on the most productive sources of revenue. The other is the need for government action to maintain a high level of employment, now recognized by the federal governments in all three countries. Acceptance of this responsibility carries with it the need for planning counter-cyclical measures such as tax reductions and carefully timed public works programs, and this provides another reason for federal control of direct taxation.

These factors, combined with an increased emphasis on the desirability of achieving national minimum standards in some social services, have led to important developments in all three federations. In Canada and Australia the federal governments have sought to continue their war-time monopoly of income tax on a permanent basis: in Canada by a scheme of voluntary agreements with the provinces which has been increasingly successful, and in Australia by federal legislation which left the states no option but which has created some problems of its own, as yet unsolved. In the United States the federal government has always taken the lion's share of income-tax revenues, and in this respect there has been no change. Since the war, however, the special problems of the poorer states have been recognized by Congress, and there has developed an important new movement for the payment of variable grants designed to help the poorer states to raise the standard of some of their social services. At the same time there have been movements in all three countries for the extension of social legislation, particularly in the field of public health. In describing

-244-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Federalism, Finance, and Social Legislation in Canada, Australia, and the United States
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 314

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.