Nonmetropolitan America in Transition

By Amos H. Hawley; Sara Mills Mazie | Go to book overview

Candace Howes Ann R. Markusen


11
Poverty: A Regional Political Economy Perspective

INTRODUCTION

Poverty can be defined as the inability of a household to enjoy a basic livelihood. Livelihood should be thought of in physical rather than monetary terms, and can be secured through several institutions: the workplace, the household, the public sector, and the commodity marketplace. In this chapter, the focus is on the workplace and the household as settings for the generation of nonmetro poverty.

In most discussions of nonmetro poverty, lack of income has been equated with poverty status. Theoretical treatments of the origins of nonmetro poverty have therefore concentrated on the imperfections in the income generation process that result in lack of gainful employment for the poor. Unemployment is analyzed either as a function of deficiencies in worker's skills or of insufficient investment inducements to employers. These correspond to the supply and demand sides of the labor market. Health, education, and manpower training programs are aimed at enhancing the quality of labor supplied, and stimulants to invest, such as industrial parks, tax incentives, and financial subsidies, are supposed to expand the demand for labor. Although the stimulation of labor demand appears to be the more powerful approach, existing policies that seek to induce investment do not necessarily reach the poverty population, because they are based on an inadequate understanding of the way in which investment decisions affect the quality and quantity of jobs offered.

An alternate view is proposed here, that nonmetro poverty is a product of the dynamics of the accumulation process under capitalist evolution, rather than a result of characteristics of the rural poor or of insufficient investment demand. Three aspects of this evolution stand out: the breakdown of household and other nonwage labor production in certain nonmetro areas, the deliberate creation and maintenance of a reserve army of labor, and the changing

-437-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Nonmetropolitan America in Transition
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 838

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.