Ann Laura Stoler
Over the last fifteen years the anthropology of women has fundamentally altered our understanding of colonial expansion and its consequences for the colonized. In identifying how European conquest affected valuations of women's work and redefined their proper domains, we have sought to explain how changes in household organization, the sexual division of labour, and the gender-specific control of resources within it have modified and shaped how colonial appropriations of land, labour, and resources were obtained. 1 Much of this research has focused on indigenous gendered patterns of economic activity, political participation, and social knowledge, on the agency of those confronted with European rule--but less on the distinct agency of those women and men who carried it out.
More recent attention to the structures of colonial authority has placed new emphasis on the quotidian assertion of European dominance in the colonies, on imperial interventions in domestic life, and thus on the cultural prescriptions by which European women and men lived ( Callan and Ardener 1984; Knibiehler and Goutalier____________________