The Color Bar and Labor INTRODUCTION
The previous chapter was concerned primarily with the economic relations which have developed between European and colored peoples in areas where non-Europeans have been the chief source of labor. In this chapter our purpose will be to consider the economic relations which have developed between Europeans and colored peoples in those areas where white as well as colored peoples provide the labor of the community. Consideration will be given first to the racial division of labor which has grown up within these communities, either as the result of an impersonal competitive process or as the result of historical circumstances, or both. Then the discussion will be devoted to the attempts which have been made to maintain a color bar in employment in order that white and colored workers could not compete, or in order that colored workers could not enter skilled and white-collar occupations. This will be followed by a consideration of the role of management and organized labor in the maintenance of the color bar, or in removing racial barriers. Finally, our discussion will be concerned with the role of the state in maintaining or in breaking down the color bar in labor.