Unlike caste, the biracial organization of race relations does not imply, at least theoretically, that one race is inferior or subordinate to the other. It is said to be a means of keeping races distinct while at the same time enabling each race to develop completely its potentialities. Since the biracial organization of race relations is based upon certain theories about race as well as certain racial attitudes, this chapter will give attention first to racial ideologies as a basis of social organization. It will consider next the phenomenon of race prejudice or racial attitudes in relation to social organization. In the remaining sections of the chapter an analysis will be made of the various patterns of racial segregation, which is an essential feature of biracial organizations, and of racial segregation in relation to social status.
Racial ideologies developed as a consequence of the contacts of European peoples with the peoples of Africa, America, and Asia. However, at the beginning of these