Pontiac and His Indian War, 1761-1763
THERE WAS an audible sigh of relief as news of the British victory at Montreal on September 5, 1760, slowly passed across the British colonies. The war was over. As the fleur-de-lis of Louis XV was replaced by the Union Jack of George II, the one-hundred-year fight for possession of the continent was settled. King George had only forty-seven days to enjoy his victory. He died on October 25 and was succeeded by his twenty-two-yearold grandson, George III. The fighting had ceased, but it took the diplomats more than two years to thrash out the terms of the Treaty of Paris, signed February 10, 1763. The French ceded to the English all of the territory they held east of the Mississippi. The western section of the Louisiana territory was transferred to Spain. The peace briefly ended Indian incursions against American frontier settlements, and the westward movement of white pioneers resumed at an accelerated pace.
The war had devastated the Moravian missionary program. In one cataclysmic stroke, the war and the resultant Indian insurgency destroyed the thriving mission at Gnadenhutten and the struggling mission at Shamokin. Any new missions among the Iroquois seemed highly improbable in the near future. The Moravians continued to operate Nain and, across the Blue Mountains north of Bethlehem, the new mission of Wechquetank.