Social Relations and Morale in Small Groups

By Eric F. Gardner; George G. Thompson | Go to book overview

CHAPTER V
Characteristics of an Ideal Sociometric Instrument: Some General Principles

Criticisms of the conventional sociometric instrument presented in the foregoing section foreshadow in large measure the present writers' notions about an ideal sociometric instrument. However, it seems wise to run the risk of some redundancy in order to make explicit the characteristics and theoretical properties of such an "ideal" instrument. Achievement of these characteristics constituted the goals toward which a part of the present investigation was directed.

What are the characteristics of an ideal instrument for measuring the important properties of social relations and group-structure? The following have been chosen by the writers as being among the most important. Although they are presented in affirmative form for the sake of simplicity, they are nevertheless hypothetical assertions. Some of them have more backing than others in the related psychological and measurement literature. Some like "high reliability" can hardly be denied, whereas others can be disputed by individuals with comparable knowledge but different biases. This listing is by no means exhaustive.


Definition of the Judgmental Situation

The frame of reference within which a group member's judgments are to be made should be related to a well specified psychological need which can be satisfied only by social interaction. It is believed that there are some differentiable

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