Social Relations and Morale in Small Groups

By Eric F. Gardner; George G. Thompson | Go to book overview

CHAPTER XXIII
Social-Relations Indices as Predictors of Esprit de Corps Morale

This chapter is a report of the correlations obtained between our social-relations indices and morale measures of the esprit de corps type. As noted in the immediately preceding chapter our measures of morale-effectiveness are divided into two relatively homogeneous groupings (morale of the esprit de corps type, and group-effectiveness).

All of the correlations presented in this chapter are Rho's based on nine cases,1 the number of fraternities selected for this study. These nine fraternities are an admittedly small sample of all the social fraternities in the universe, and we have no information about the extent to which they are representative. These sampling conditions impose restrictions on the generalizations which can be drawn from the results of this investigation. However, a study permitting broad generalizations to the universe of social fraternities would have been exorbitantly expensive to conduct, if not downright infeasible. These sampling problems were carefully reviewed before this research was undertaken, and it was decided to go ahead with a limited sample of fraternities at Syracuse University. This decision seemed like a sensible approach since every science is typically advanced by partial

____________________
1
In spite of the small number of fraternities, we have reason to believe that the stability of the obtained rankings is greater than would be normally associated with an N of nine. Rankings of the means or medians of groups of 25 to 30 members (where the individuals have been shown to be ranked in a consistent manner) should be exceptionally stable.

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