Social Relations and Morale in Small Groups

By Eric F. Gardner; George G. Thompson | Go to book overview

CHAPTER XXIV
Social-Relations Indices as Predictors of the Degree of Correspondence Between a Fraternity's Value Pattern and an "Ideal" Value Pattern

As may be recalled from Chapter XVIII, we asked the fraternity members to write an essay defending the important values to be derived from fraternity living. These essays were analyzed by a value categorization system which permitted a ranking of the values according to frequency of mention in each fraternity. The correlation between this ranking of values and the average ranking assigned by judges for an "ideal" fraternity provided our index of esprit de corps morale. The fraternities' value patterns varied considerably in their similarity to the "ideal" value pattern. We reasoned that individual happiness and harmony of interpersonal relations would be realized more satisfactorily in fraternities that emphasized the values of fraternity life most consistent with the acknowledged goals of fraternal living in a university setting. Or stated in another way, fraternities with the most favorable need-satisfaction potentials for their members would be in a better position to become preoccupied with and to realize the group goals of fraternity life.

In terms of our original hypotheses, the degree of correspondence between a fraternity's value pattern and an "ideal" value pattern should be positively related to the

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