Social Relations and Morale in Small Groups

By Eric F. Gardner; George G. Thompson | Go to book overview

CHAPTER XXV
Social-Relatins Indices as Predictors of the Group Mean of Self-Ratings of Each Member's Perceived Adequacy for Satisfying the Psychological Nedds of Other Group Members

As previously discussed in Chapter XIX, we asked each member of the fraternities in this study to rate his own adequacy for meeting each of the selected psychological needs (affiliation, playmirth, succorance, and achievement-recognition) as he thought he would be rated by three of his fraternity brothers. For each need, the three brothers selected for the self-ratings were members whom the respondent had previously rated as about "average" in their abilities to satisfy his corresponding need.

In our opinion, these self-ratings of a member's perceived adequacy in meeting the social neesds of other group members reveal an important dimension of esprit de corps morale. In order to be personally happy with a particular group membership an individual mus enjoy the feeling that his being a member of the group is a positive and distinct contribution to the other members' happiness and feeling of wwll-being. In groups where satisfaction of affiliative needs is a primary goal for the organization's existence, it would appear that a member could not be personally "happy" un-

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