Social Relations and Morale in Small Groups

By Eric F. Gardner; George G. Thompson | Go to book overview

CHAPTER XXVII
Social-Relations Indices as Predictors of Group-Effectiveness

This chapter is a report of the correlations obtained between our social-relations indices and two measures of group-effectiveness. In the immediately preceding chapter we have shown that some of the social-relations indices are very effective predictors of several measures of esprit de corps morale. Now we will examine the success of the social- relations indices in predicting the overtly observable accomplishments of the group, its effectiveness as a social unit.

Social fraternities in a university setting compete with each other for group awards and honors. They try to maintain a favorable social status in the eyes of the university community because this permits them to survive through the annual acquisition of new members. At Syracuse University where the inter-fraternity competition is already great because of the large number of fraternities, the competition is further augmented by many group awards for scholastic, athletic, and social accomplishments. Our general hypothesis is to the effect that fraternities whose members can expect, and do receive, satisfactions for their most important psychological needs through interacting with their brothers will exert more energy and be more effective in pursuing the various goals of the group. Social harmony and a high level of need-satisfaction within the group will also promote the social status of the fraternity in the university community.

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