Social Relations and Morale in Small Groups

By Eric F. Gardner; George G. Thompson | Go to book overview

CHAPTER XXXII
A Summary Statement

This book introduces a decidedly new approach to the measurement of social relations in small groups. We have developed a series of social-relations instruments which are firmly grounded in the psychology of human needs and which reflect the many advantages of modern psychometrics. The basic rationale of hitherto available methods of measuring social relations and group-structure has changed very little since the time of Moreno's original contribution. We believe that we have been able to avoid the many pitfalls of classical sociometry without sacrificing the utility and practicality of the older methods.


What Do Our Social-Relations Scales Measure?

These scales measure each individual's estimate of the other group members' potentialities for satisfying several of his psychological needs; e.g., affiliation, playmirth, succorance, achievement-recognition, etc. These ratings by each individual of all other members' potentialities for satisfying one of his needs are made along a broad, well-specified continuum which permits meaningful comparisons of different groups and of individuals in non-overlapping groups. The near equal-interval scaling of the broad rating continuum for each psychological need is established from a composite of individual ratings obtained by a fractionation procedure. Ratings of companions are made on this continuum by a series of forced-choice comparisons, sufficiently short to be practical. The resulting matrix of ratings has a score in each

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