New Weapons and NATO: Solutions or Irritants?

By Robert Kromer | Go to book overview

principal alliance member. However, this curious phenomenon was the case and, coupled with the other changes within the environment and within the alliance, was to produce serious strains upon the cohesion and efficacy of NATO. The focus of the problems of the alliance centered around the employment of tactical nuclear weapons and their relation to the changed nature of the environment and the status of the members of the alliance. It is at this point that a net assessment of the effect of tactical nuclear weapons on the alliance can now be made.


NOTES
1.
In discussing the circumstances under which Europe accepted American leadership, President de Gaulle of France recalled: "Thus it never happened that a government belonging to NATO took an attitude that diverged from that of the White House." While obviously an overstatement of the relations within the alliance, it nonetheless characterizes the American dominance. Charles de Gaulle, Memoirs of Hope: Renewal and Endeavor, trans. Terence Kilmartin ( New York: Simon and Schuster, 1971), p. 200.
2.
Henry T. Nash, American Foreign Policy, rev. ed. ( Homewood, IL: Dorsey Press, 1978), pp. 42-43.
3.
This section on monetary activities is taken from Joan Edelman Spero , The Politics of International Economic Relations ( New York: St. Martin's Press, 1977), chap. 2.
4.
Ibid., p. 36.
5.
Ibid.
6.
Ibid., pp. 37-43.
7.
Ibid., p. 38.
8.
The section on the EEC is taken from John W. Spanier, American Foreign Policy Since World War II, 9th ed. ( New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1983), p. 93; and Spero, Politics of International Economic Relations, chap. 3.
9.
Spero, Politics of International Economic Relations, pp. 77-78.
10.
The Benelux countries, Germany, and Italy tended to see merit in continued negotiations to bring Great Britain into the Common Market, although they too were concerned about the special considerations that Great Britain attached to its membership. The de Gaulle government strongly opposed the incorporation of Great Britain and the other members were content to let France lead the drive to deny the British, and

-62-

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New Weapons and NATO: Solutions or Irritants?
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Acknowledgments ix
  • 1 - The Lure of New Weapons 1
  • Notes 20
  • 2 - Alliance Formation in the Postwar Era 25
  • Notes 39
  • 3 - Tactical Nuclear Weapons 41
  • Notes 50
  • 4 - Nato's Environment and the Integration of Tactical Nuclear Weapons 53
  • Notes 62
  • 5 - Tactical Nuclear Weapons-- an Assessment 65
  • Notes 76
  • 6 - Centrifugal Forces in the 1960s 81
  • Notes 91
  • 7 - The Alliance in the 1970s: Continued Strains and New Technology 95
  • Notes 107
  • 8 - Precision-Guided Munitions and Nato in the 1970s: Mixed Results 111
  • Notes 125
  • 9 - Case Study Summary and Conclusions 131
  • Conclusions 135
  • Notes 149
  • 10 - Strategic Defense Initiative--The New Technology of the Decade 151
  • Notes 169
  • Appendix 1 Defense Spending as a Percentage of Gross National Product by Selected Nato States 171
  • Appendix 2 Military Personnel Strength of Selected Nato States (thousand of Persons) 172
  • Appendix 3 Selected Air-To-Surface Pgms 173
  • Appendix 4 Selected Anti-Armor Surface-To-Surface Pgms 176
  • Appendix 5 Selected Surface-To-Air Pgms 178
  • Selected Bibliography 179
  • Index 183
  • About the Author 187
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