Bush's New World Order
A Structural Analysis of Instability and Conflict in the Gulf
President Bush told the families of soldiers at Fort Stewart, Georgia, that one result of the war would be "what we say goes" in the Gulf.
James McCarney, 1991
President George Bush's masterful orchestration of the war was a remarkable demonstration of his political skill, which only a few knew he possessed. This chapter examines his concept of the new world order, analyzes the possible structural causes of the Gulf War, and looks at the region's possible and preferred futures in the aftermath of the war.
Johan Galtung, long known for his peace studies and activities, stated that causes of war can be answered only "in terms of a model of the world" ( Galtung 1980:179-253). There are two basic models of the world, he justly claims: first, an actor-oriented model that looks for violence carried out by actors including groups and nations, and second, a structure-oriented model that focuses on systemic conditions that are responsible for the occurrence of direct military violence. These two models are not mutually exclusive but can be viewed as complimentary to each other in answering fully the question of causes of any war.
Similarly A. J. Taylor, a British historian, divided causes of war into basic and particular, or immediate ( Khalidi 1991). ( Taylor's basic causes are equivalent to Galtung's structure-oriented model and immediate causes of the actor-oriented model, except that Taylor approaches the subject less systematically than Galtung.) On the other