could defeat a symbol of the urban non-Puritanical groups which were
taking over the country. Moreover, the Klan formed a bridge between the
traditional forms of nativist protest and those which were to come on the
extreme right. Not only was it anti-immigrant and jingoistic, it also was anti-
radical and specifically anti-Communist.
John P. Roche, The Quest for the Dream ( New York: Macmillan, 1963),
pp. 103-104. Emphasis in the original.
Frederick Lewis Allen, Only Yesterday ( New York: Harper, 1931), p. 66.
"Ford First in Final Returns," Collier's, LXXII ( July 14, 1923), 5.
Allen, op. cit., p. 283.
Selig Adler, The Isolationist Impulse ( New York: Collier Books, 1961),
Charles E. Wood, "Religion Becomes News," Nation, XII ( August 19,
William Hordern, A Layman's Guide to Protestant Theology ( New
York: Macmillan, 1955), p. 66.
The only detailed investigation of religion made by the United States
Census based on a large sample survey in 1957 reported that 58 per cent
of all Americans, fourteen or older, were white Protestants, while Negro
Protestants were 9 per cent. In metropolitan areas, however, 250,000 in
population or more, white Protestants were in a definite minority, 38 per
cent, while Catholics constituted 38 per cent, Negro Protestants 11 per
cent, and Jews 8 per cent. See U.S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports: Population Characteristics, Series P-20, No. 79, February
2, 1958, p. 1. See also Michael Argyle, Religious Behavior (Glencoe: The Free Press, 1958), p. 136, for comparable data from sample surveys.
From World Survey of the Interchurch Movement, American Volume,
p. 226; cited in Peter H. Odegard, Religion and Politics ( New York: Oceana Publications, 1960), pp. 29-30.
Charles O. Jackson, The Ku Klux Klan 1915-1924: A Study in Leadership ( M.A. Thesis, Emory University, 1962), p. 86.
Arnold Rice, The Ku Klux Klan in American Politics ( Washington: Public Affairs Press, 1962), p. 16.
Charles C. Alexander, The Ku Klux Klan in the Southwest ( Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1965), p. 23.
Keith Sward, The Legend of Henry Ford ( New York: Rinehart, 1948),
Charles O. Jackson, op. cit., p. 17.
John M. Mecklin, The Ku Klux Klan: A Study of the American Mind
( New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1924), pp. 13, 28.
Paul Tillich, The Protestant Era ( Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1957), p. 227.
Mecklin, op. cit., pp. 107-108.