|as percentage of|
|Level of education||Men||Women||male earnings|
|Some high school||17,214||10,797||62.7|
|Post-secondary certificate or diploma||19,602||12,943||66.0|
ment insurance is provided for women in unionized jobs with no loss of job security or time accrued for seniority but only 25 percent of the female workforce is employed in unionized jobs. 81 The usual benefits are 60 percent of their normal wage to a maximum of $276 per week for 15 weeks. 82
Child care has also been left to the provincial governments, which have had various results. Although the Royal Commission on the Status of Women has recommended that an extensive, publicly financed day care system be established, nothing has materialized. 83 There is a shortage of facilities and many of the existing ones have problems, such as being unlicensed or violating existing regulations governing their operation, and some have proved more harmful than beneficial to their wards. This situation has made it more difficult for women to compete on equal terms with men in the job market.
Progress has been made in Canada, but not nearly as much as expected at the beginning of the United Nations Decade for Women in 1975. Even in the legal world itself, few Canadians know what the true state of affairs is. "The role of women in the law remains surprisingly understudied," Sylvia Bashevkin of the University of Toronto said during the 1984 symposium on women in the law. 84 Even after Canadian universities began to admit women to the law schools, Ms. Bashevkin observed, many continued to refuse them post-graduate training. 85 The right of women to practice law across Canada was already established by World War II, but the actual number of women in the law remained low until deep into the '60s. A 1970 Royal Commission found that during the '60s the percentage of women in law in Canada was only 3 percent, against 26 percent in France. The low figure was not confined to women in law. Women physicians formed only 7 percent, dental surgeons 4 percent, and engineers less than I percent. 86 In a study by Professor Marie Huxter of the University of Toronto, more than 44 percent of women law graduates cited gender as a key obstacle to their articling or to permanent employment in a legal capacity. 87