Political Parties and Party Systems

By Alan Ware | Go to book overview

CHAPTER NINE
THE SELECTION OF CANDIDATES AND LEADERS

SECTION A

This is the first of four chapters examining how parties in liberal democracies move towards controlling government and then control it. This chapter is concerned with how parties select leaders--or, rather, it examines how they select certain kinds of leaders. It deals primarily, though not exclusively, with the nomination of candidates for seats in legislatures and with candidates for directly elected executive positions (such as the American presidency).

The chapter does not look at how leaders of party organizations are chosen, when those positions of leadership are quite distinct from legislative leaders or directly elected executives. The reason for this is that we are concerned with the corps of people which a party in government will draw on in filling state offices. Moreover, rather less attention is paid here to the emergence of leaders within parliamentary parties than to the selection of candidates within these parties. This is because generally the main determinant of legislative party behaviour is what happens at the selection stage; who becomes the leader of a party does make a difference to its behaviour in the legislature, but nearly all parliamentary leaders must operate within constraints imposed by the composition of the legislative party.

Nevertheless, before proceeding with the main themes, it is important to say something about the connection between leaders in party organizations and those in legislatures and other elected public offices. Broadly speaking, a

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Political Parties and Party Systems
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Acknowledgements vii
  • Contents ix
  • List of Figures xi
  • List of Tables xii
  • Abbreviations xiii
  • About This Book xvi
  • Introduction 1
  • Part I - Parties 15
  • Chapter One - Parties and Ideology 17
  • Chapter Two - Supporters, Members, and Activists 63
  • Chapter Three - Party Organizations 93
  • Chapter Four - Parties in Non-Liberal- Democratic Regimes 124
  • Part II - Party Systems 145
  • Chapter Five - The Classification of Party Systems 147
  • Chapter Six - Why Party Systems Differ 184
  • Chapter Seven - Stability and Change in Party Systems 213
  • Chapter Eight - Party Systems in Non- Liberal-Democratic Regimes 245
  • Part III - Moving towards Government 255
  • Chapter Nine - The Selection of Candidates and Leaders 257
  • Chapter Ten - Campaigning for Election 289
  • Chapter Eleven - Voter Choice and Government Formation 317
  • Chapter Twelve - Parties in Government 349
  • Conclusions 377
  • Appendix 1 - France 383
  • Appendix 2 - Germany 388
  • Appendix 3 - Great Britain 391
  • Appendix 4 - Japan 395
  • Appendix 5 - United States 398
  • Notes 404
  • Index 417
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