HIGH up on the roll of the world's great Thinkers stands the name of Benedict de Spinoza. Not many American readers, however, have had an opportunity to become acquainted with the writings of this celebrated philosopher. Perhaps the class of minds that would take any trouble to seek for and carefully study and appreciate them may not be a large one although, with the progress of science and general knowledge, it is doubtless increasing.
In presenting to the few who may desire to read in their own language the following version of Spinoza's greatest work, the Ethics, I have hesitated about; accompanying it, with any introductory remarks, unless it were by way of apology for my undertaking; but as this is the first time that a translation of any of his works has been published in the United States it may not be improper, nor altogether useless, to follow a general practice and refer briefly to some of the incidents of his life, gleaned from the writings of his biographers* and his own corre-____________________
Also, a life of Spinoza by Dr. Lucas, a physician at the Hague, a