Women in Psychology: A Bio-Bibliographic Sourcebook

By Agnes N. O'Connell; Nancy Felipe Russo | Go to book overview

ANNE ANASTASI (1908- )

Virginia Staudt Sexton and John D. Hogan

In a career spanning almost sixty years, Anne Anastasi has developed and maintained a reputation that is known to psychologists in every corner of the world. Her work in psychological testing has changed the face of psychology and established her as the authority on the subject. Her research, which covers a broad range including trait formation, individual differences, the misuse of tests, statistical issues, and psychological aspects of creativity, has also explored the most basic questions, such as the manner in which research is conceptualized and conducted. Her books, which are known as models of clarity and synthesis, have become classics and are used extensively in the United States and throughout the world. As a result of her work, she has received accolades from peers, honorary degrees from five institutions, leadership roles in major psychological organizations, including the presidency of the American Psychological Association, and the National Medal of Science from the President of the United States. Not surprisingly, in a recent survey ( Gavin, 1987), Anastasi was named the most prominent living woman in psychology in the English-speaking world.


FAMILY BACKGROUND AND EDUCATION

Anne Anastasi, the daughter of Anthony and Theresa Gaudiosi Anastasi, was born on December 19, 1908, in New York City. Her father, who had worked for the New York City Board of Education, died when she was one year old. Soon after his death, her maternal relatives became estranged from her father's family--his parents and sister were still alive--and she never met any of them.

Her immediate family consisted of her mother, her grandmother, and her mother's brother. Although both her mother and her uncle had been well educated in the classics and humanities, they had not been trained for the world of work. Her resourceful mother, however, taught herself bookkeeping, and before long she founded a piano factory. When that failed, she pursued several other jobs until she became the office manager of Il progresso Italo-Americano, one of the

-13-

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Women in Psychology: A Bio-Bibliographic Sourcebook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Copyright Acknowledgments v
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Part I Overview 1
  • Historical and Contemporary Perspectives 3
  • Part II the Women and Their Contributions 11
  • Anne Anastasi (1908- ) 13
  • Nancy Bayley (1899- ) 23
  • Sandra Lipsitz Bem (1944- ) 30
  • Jeanne Humphrey Block (1923-1981) 40
  • Charlotte M. BÜhler (1893-1974) 49
  • Mary Whiton Calkins (1863-1930) 57
  • Mamie Phipps Clark (1917-1983) 66
  • Florence L. Denmark (1931- ) 75
  • Else Frenkel-Brunswik (1908-1958) 88
  • Anna Freud (1895-1982) 96
  • Eleanor Jack Gibson (1910- ) 104
  • Lillian Moller Gilbreth (1878-1972) 117
  • Florence Laura Goodenough (1886-1959) 125
  • Jacqueline Jarrett Goodnow (1924- ) 134
  • Edna Heidbreder (1890-1985) 143
  • Ravenna Helson (1925- ) 151
  • Mary Henle (1913- ) 161
  • Leta Stetter Hollingworth (1886-1939) 173
  • Karen Horney (1885-1952) 184
  • BÄrbel Inhelder (1913- ) 197
  • Marie Jahoda (1907- ) 207
  • Christine Ladd-Franklin (1847-1930) 220
  • Eleanor Emmons Maccoby (1917- ) 230
  • Clara Mayo (1931-1981) 238
  • Maria Montessori (1870-1952) 246
  • Bernice L. Neugarten (1916- ) 256
  • Carolyn Robertson Payton (1925- ) 266
  • Pauline (pat) Snedden Sears (1908- ) 275
  • Virginia Staudt Sexton (1916- ) 285
  • Carolyn Wood Sherif (1922-1982) 297
  • Janet Taylor Spence (1923- ) 307
  • Bonnie Ruth Strickland (1936- ) 317
  • Thelma Gwinn Thurstone (1897- ) 327
  • Leona E. Tyler (1906- ) 335
  • Margaret Floy Washburn (1871-1939) 342
  • Beth Lucy Wellman (1895-1952) 350
  • Part III Awards and Recognition 359
  • Selected Award-Winning Contributions 361
  • Part IV Bibliographic Resources 379
  • Women in Psychology: Bibliographic Resources 381
  • Part V Appendices 399
  • Appendix A - A Chronology of Birth Years 401
  • Appendix B - Places of Birth 403
  • Appendix C - Major Fields 405
  • Index 409
  • About the Contributors 435
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