Women in Psychology: A Bio-Bibliographic Sourcebook

By Agnes N. O'Connell; Nancy Felipe Russo | Go to book overview

SANDRA LIPSITZ BEM (1944- )

Vivian Parker Makosky

Sandra Lipsitz Bem's values have shaped her research and her family life, and these in turn have shaped the values of the public and the profession. Her early work on sex-biased job advertising contributed to landmark court decisions under Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Her conceptualization and definition of androgyny changed forever the way masculinity and femininity are viewed within psychology, and her thinking has influenced the entire field of gender studies. She demonstrated that good feminist research is also good scholarship. She has received awards from the American Psychological Association, the Association for Women in Psychology, and the American Association of University Women. The creativity of her thinking has challenged both the assumptions of traditional research and theory and the nonconscious gender ideology of society. It would be difficult to overstate the impact she has had on the profession and on the American public.


FAMILY BACKGROUND

Sandra Lipsitz was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on June 22, 1944. Her father, Peter, was a postal clerk, and her mother, Lillian, was a secretary. The first-born in her family, she has one sister, Beverly, seven years younger.

Lipsitz's parents both had high school diplomas but no college education. She described her family of origin as working class. One of the major influences in her life was the assumption that she would always work: in her family--in her social sphere--everyone always worked. Early in life she was attracted to the highest status occupation that seemed within her reach: she wished to be a secretary like her mother, a job for which she could go to a clean place and have a desk and telephone of her own. Lillian Lipsitz enjoyed work, hated cooking and housework in general, and certainly conveyed to her daughter that being "just a housewife" was not very desirable. The family emphasized survival and encouraged the next generation to do better than the last. Although that meant getting as much education as possible and doing as well as possible

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Women in Psychology: A Bio-Bibliographic Sourcebook
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Copyright Acknowledgments v
  • Contents vii
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Part I Overview 1
  • Historical and Contemporary Perspectives 3
  • Part II the Women and Their Contributions 11
  • Anne Anastasi (1908- ) 13
  • Nancy Bayley (1899- ) 23
  • Sandra Lipsitz Bem (1944- ) 30
  • Jeanne Humphrey Block (1923-1981) 40
  • Charlotte M. BÜhler (1893-1974) 49
  • Mary Whiton Calkins (1863-1930) 57
  • Mamie Phipps Clark (1917-1983) 66
  • Florence L. Denmark (1931- ) 75
  • Else Frenkel-Brunswik (1908-1958) 88
  • Anna Freud (1895-1982) 96
  • Eleanor Jack Gibson (1910- ) 104
  • Lillian Moller Gilbreth (1878-1972) 117
  • Florence Laura Goodenough (1886-1959) 125
  • Jacqueline Jarrett Goodnow (1924- ) 134
  • Edna Heidbreder (1890-1985) 143
  • Ravenna Helson (1925- ) 151
  • Mary Henle (1913- ) 161
  • Leta Stetter Hollingworth (1886-1939) 173
  • Karen Horney (1885-1952) 184
  • BÄrbel Inhelder (1913- ) 197
  • Marie Jahoda (1907- ) 207
  • Christine Ladd-Franklin (1847-1930) 220
  • Eleanor Emmons Maccoby (1917- ) 230
  • Clara Mayo (1931-1981) 238
  • Maria Montessori (1870-1952) 246
  • Bernice L. Neugarten (1916- ) 256
  • Carolyn Robertson Payton (1925- ) 266
  • Pauline (pat) Snedden Sears (1908- ) 275
  • Virginia Staudt Sexton (1916- ) 285
  • Carolyn Wood Sherif (1922-1982) 297
  • Janet Taylor Spence (1923- ) 307
  • Bonnie Ruth Strickland (1936- ) 317
  • Thelma Gwinn Thurstone (1897- ) 327
  • Leona E. Tyler (1906- ) 335
  • Margaret Floy Washburn (1871-1939) 342
  • Beth Lucy Wellman (1895-1952) 350
  • Part III Awards and Recognition 359
  • Selected Award-Winning Contributions 361
  • Part IV Bibliographic Resources 379
  • Women in Psychology: Bibliographic Resources 381
  • Part V Appendices 399
  • Appendix A - A Chronology of Birth Years 401
  • Appendix B - Places of Birth 403
  • Appendix C - Major Fields 405
  • Index 409
  • About the Contributors 435
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